Iñigo Martinez-Solano

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Postdoctoral Associate

Office: BioPharmacy 322
Voice: (860) 486-6215
Fax: (860) 486-6364
E-mail: inigo.martinez-solano@uconn.edu

Mailing address:
75 N. Eagleville Road, U-3043
Storrs, CT 06269


Molecular systematics of slender salamanders (Batrachoseps)


The genus Batrachoseps comprises 19 species of lungless salamanders endemic to California, Oregon and Baja California. The taxonomy of the group is still largely unresolved due to extreme morphological similarity between genetically well-differentiated species. Our aim is to compile a multilocus dataset including mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequence data from a geographically comprehensive set of samples to 1) aid in problems of species delineation, 2) identify contact zones between species and characterize potential instances of gene flow between well-differentiated taxa, 3) recover their phylogenetic relationships, and 4) reconstruct the biogeographic history of the group.

Systematics, biogeography and conservation of Iberian amphibians


The Iberian Peninsula hosts one of the most rich amphibian faunas in western Europe due to its role as a refugial area during cold periods in the Pleistocene. My research has focused in characterizing patterns of genetic variation using both nuclear and mitochondrial DNA markers in Iberian amphibians. Most species studied so far show deep genetic breaks consistent with survival in different refugial areas, as well as demographic histories characterized by marked population bottlenecks and subsequent recoveries following climatic cycles. These studies have allowed delineation of intraspecific groups of populations sharing a common evolutionary history (Evolutionary Significant Units, or ESUs) for conservation purposes.


Martínez-Solano, I.; González, E. G. accepted. Patterns of gene flow and source-sink dynamics in high altitude populations of the common toad Bufo bufo (Anura: Bufonidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society.

De la Riva, I.; Martínez-Solano, I. 2007. Phrynopus kallawaya. Phrynopus katantika. In: De la Riva, I., Bolivian frogs of the genus Phrynopus, with the description of twelve new species. Herpetological Monographs, 21: 241-277.

Velo-Antón, G.; Burrowes, P. A.; Joglar, R.; Martínez-Solano, I.; Beard, K.; Parra-Olea, G. 2007. Phylogenetic study of Eleutherodactylus coqui (Anura: Leptodactylidae) reveals deep genetic fragmentation in Puerto Rico and pinpoints origins of Hawaiian populations. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 45: 716-728.

Martínez-Solano, I.; Jockusch, E. L.; Wake, D. B. 2007. Extreme population subdivision throughout a continuous range: phylogeography of Batrachoseps attenuatus (Caudata: Plethodontidae) in western North America. Molecular Ecology, 16: 4335-4355.

Gonçalves, H.; Martínez-Solano, I.; Ferrand, N.; García-París, M. 2007. Conflicting phylogenetic signal of nuclear vs mitochondrial DNA markers in midwife toads (Anura, Discoglossidae, Alytes): deep coalescence or ancestral hybridization? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 44: 494-500.

Martínez-Solano, I.; Teixeira, J.; Buckley, D.; García-París, M. 2006. Mt-DNA phylogeography of Lissotriton boscai (Caudata, Salamandridae): evidence for old, multiple refugia in an Iberian endemic. Molecular Ecology, 15: 3375-3388.

Bosch, J.; Rincón, P. A.; Boyero, L.; Martínez-Solano, I. 2006. Effects of introduced salmonids on a montane population of Rana iberica. Conservation Biology, 20: 180-189.

Bosch, J.; Martínez-Solano, I. 2006. Chytrid fungus infection related to unusual mortalities of Salamandra salamandra and Bufo bufo in the Peñalara Natural Park (Central Spain). Oryx, 40: 84-89.

Vörös, J.; Alcobendas, M.; Martínez-Solano, I.; García-París, M. 2006. Evolution of Bombina bombina and B. variegata (Anura: Discoglossidae) in the Carpathian Basin: a history of repeated mt-DNA introgression across species. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 38: 705-718.

Recuero, E.; Martínez-Solano, I.; Parra-Olea, G.; García-París, M. 2006. Phylogeography of Pseudacris regilla (Anura: Hylidae) in western North America, with a proposal for a new taxonomic rearrangement. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 39: 293-304. [see Corrigendum in Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 41: 511 (2006)].

Real, R.; Barbosa, A. M.; Martínez-Solano, I.; García-París, M. 2005. Distinguishing the distributions of two cryptic frogs (Anura: Discoglossidae) using molecular data and environmental modeling. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 83: 536-545.

Martínez-Solano, I.; Rey, I.; García-París, M. 2005. The impact of historical and recent factors on genetic variability in a mountain frog: the case of Rana iberica (Anura: Ranidae). Animal Conservation, 8: 431-441.

Martínez-Solano, I.; Alcobendas, M.; Buckley, D.; García-París, M. 2005. Molecular characterization of the endangered Salamandra salamandra almanzoris (Caudata, Salamandridae). Annales Zoologici Fennici, 42: 57-68.

Martínez-Solano, I. 2004. Phylogeography of Iberian Discoglossus (Anura: Discoglossidae). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 42: 298-305.

Martínez-Solano, I.; Gonçalves, H.; Arntzen, J. W.; García-París, M. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships and biogeography of midwife toads (Discoglossidae, Alytes). Journal of Biogeography, 31: 603-618.

Bosch, J.; Boyero, L.; Martínez-Solano, I. 2004. Spatial scales for the management of amphibian populations. Biodiversity and Conservation, 13: 409-420.

Martínez-Solano, I.; Barbadillo, L. J., Lapeña, M. 2003. Effect of introduced fish on amphibian species richness and densities at a montane assemblage in the Sierra de Neila (Spain). Herpetological Journal, 13: 167-173.

Martínez-Solano, I.; París, M.; Izquierdo, E.; García-París, M. 2003. Larval growth plasticity in wild populations of the Betic midwife toad, Alytes dickhilleni (Anura: Discoglossidae). Herpetological Journal, 13: 89-94.

Bosch, J.; Martínez-Solano, I. 2003. Factors influencing occupancy of breeding ponds in a montane amphibian assemblage. Journal of Herpetology 37: 410-413.

Martínez-Solano, I.; Bosch, J.; García-París, M. 2003. Demographic trends and community stability in a montane amphibian assemblage. Conservation Biology, 17: 238-244.

Barbadillo, L. J.; Martínez-Solano, I. 2002. Vertebral intercentra in Lacertidae: variation and phylogenetic implications. Copeia, 2002: 208-212.

Bosch, J.; Martínez-Solano, I.; García-París, M. 2001. Evidence of a chytrid fungus infection involved in the decline of the common midwife toad (Alytes obstetricans) in protected areas of Central Spain. Biological Conservation, 97: 331-337.